It is an end for a 40 year quest for ‘missing’ particle, Higgs boson aka ‘God Particle’ that holds the universe together is over. Scientist at Switzerland’s CERN (European Council for Nuclear Research) Geneva, Switzerland, have announced discovery of the Higgs boson, a subatomic particle key to the formation of stars, planets and everything else in and around it, has been found at the Large Hardon Collider.

[box_dark]“It’s great to discover a new particle but you have find out what its properties are,” said John Ellis, a theorist at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research.[/box_dark]

The Higgs boson is the last missing of a jigsaw puzzle, a theory that states the building blocks of of the universe. The other 11 particles have already found and with the validating the model would change the way we think about our universe. The God particle gives particles that make up atoms their mass, an invisible energy field that pervades the whole cosmos.

Professor Briton Peter Higgs along with six physicists first suggested the existence of the god particle in 1964, four decades years ago.

[box_dark]Prof Higgs, age of 83: ‘I had no idea this would happen in my lifetime’

Prof Higgs, who first postulated the theory more than 40 years ago, told the BBC: ‘I’m rather surprised that it happened in my lifetime – I certainly had no idea it would happen in my lifetime at the beginning, more than 40 years ago, because at the beginning people had no idea about where to look for it, so it’s really amazing for me to find out that it’s really enough… for a discovery claim.

‘I think it shows amazing dedication by the young people involved with these colossal collaborations to persist in this way, on what is a really a very difficult task. I congratulate them.’[/box_dark]

[box_dark]’This is indeed a new particle,’ said lab spokesman Joe Incandela.

‘This is something that may in the end be one of the biggest discoveries or observations of any new phenomena that we’ve had in our field in the last 30 or 40 years,’ said lab spokesman Joe Incandela.[/box_dark]

Standard Model is to physics what the theory of evolution is to biology. Standard Model is the best model physicists have of how the building blocks of the universe are put together and describes the 12 fundamental particles governed by four basic forces. The discovery could possibly leading to new technologies built on our understanding of the particle.

We understand the universe is expanding faster than the forces we know about suggest they should, a gap must be filled by something we don’t fully understand, which scientist have dubbed ‘dark matter’ and it is beveled to be 96 percent of the mass and energy of the cosmos. Modifying the Standard Model would be a step towards the holy grail of physics – a ‘theory of everything’ that encompasses dark matter, dark energy and the force of gravity, which the Standard Model also does not explain.  It could also shed light on even more esoteric ideas, such as the possibility of parallel universes.

• The Standard Model is the simplest set of ingredients – elementary particles – needed to make up the world we see in the heavens and in the laboratory

• Quarks combine together to make, for example, the proton and neutron – which make up the nuclei of atoms today – though more exotic combinations were around in the Universe’s early days

 Leptons come in charged and uncharged versions; electrons – the most familiar charged lepton – together with quarks make up all the matter we can see; the uncharged leptons are neutrinos, which rarely interact with matter

• The “force carriers” are particles whose movements are observed as familiar forces such as those behind electricity and light (electromagnetism) and radioactive decay (the weak nuclear force)

• The Higgs boson came about because although the Standard Model holds together neatly, nothing requires the particles to have mass; for a fuller theory, the Higgs – or something else – must fill in that gap

The Hordon Collider is the worlds most powerful and biggest particle accelerator which cost about 9 billion dollars to build the 27 kilometers LHC sitting 100 metres underground on the Swiss, French border and has taken over 30 years to complete. Two beam of photon are fired from opposite directions and smashed to create many millions of particle collisions every second in a recreation of the conditions a fraction of a second after the Big Bang, when the Higgs field is believed to have ‘switched on’.

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